Amniotic fluid is made up of several salts, ions, proteins, and enzymes that help in fetal growth. It acts as a physical barrier against trauma and provides the fetus with an environment that is well-lubricated and nutritious. The fluid levels are judiciously maintained by the maternal and fetal systems. In rare cases, there may be too much or too little fluid. These conditions need to be managed under medical supervision.
The rambutan is a rich source of vitamins and minerals that aids in losing weight, strengthening bones, and also offers anti-parasitic properties. The leaves can be juiced and used for a healthy scalp, while the seeds are anti-diabetic. The fruit peel has anti-cancerous properties and can cure dysentery. The bark is known to cure sores. Rambutan is safe for pregnant women, but it's best to consult a doctor and a herbalist just to be sure.
During pregnancy the amount of blood pumped by your heart raises by 30 to 50%. Your heart rate also quickens from 70 beats to 80 or 90 beats a minute. This extra work can sometimes cause heart rate irregularities which are not worrisome. In some cases, stress, anxiety, blood sugar fluctuations and some medications can also be responsible for palpitations. Practice healthy habits, avoid stress, and splash water on face for palpitations.
Pineapple is a juicy, refreshing fruit, but consuming it in excess can cause various side effects such as allergies, unwanted drug interactions, diarrhea and vomiting, and an increase in blood sugar levels. It causes uterine contractions which can result in early labor and even miscarriage during pregnancy. You should ensure that you do not cross the recommended daily allowance of 1 to 2 cups a day.
The Vitamin B family includes 8 essential vitamins and each type has a crucial role to play during your pregnancy. While vitamin B1 plays a significant role in the baby's development, vitamin B6 aids in the development of your baby's brain and immune system. Vitamin B3 helps in lactating mothers and B5 improves metabolism. Vitamin B9 reduces the risk of birth defects and vitamin b12 helps in the formation of red blood cells.
Though babies can start eating solid foods in 4–6 months, don't stop feeding them breast milk (or formula) till they turn 1. Start with pureed rice, oatmeal, potatoes, pumpkins, carrots, apples, pears, bananas, meat, fish, or tofu in tiny quantities. Proceed to mashed and soft foods when the baby turns 6 months, and after they turn 8 months, give them 3 meals a day, with carbs, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. Keep an eye on the change in their stools and any sign of allergies.
Toxins in secondhand smoke can cross your placenta and reach the fetus, affecting its blood circulation and oxygen supply and restricting its growth. Passive smoking during pregnancy can result in miscarriage or premature delivery. The baby can have low birth weight, congenital defects like cleft lips or short limbs, and can even suffer a sudden death. There is no level of secondhand smoke that is safe during pregnancy.
If you love to jog, your pregnancy is no reason to stop your favorite activity. In fact, OB/GYNs recommend that expectant moms who jogged regularly pre-pregnancy continue to do so for the duration of their pregnancy as long as they are comfortable. Moms who jog during their pregnancy tend to gain less weight, have babies of a healthy weight, and experience shorter labor. It can also help you snap back into shape more quickly, postpartum. Get your doctor's go ahead and jog those pregnancy jitters away.
Tamarind is not just safe for moms-to-be but also beneficial. Besides curing morning sickness, tamarind provides nutrients like iron, calcium, magnesium, and vitamins B3, B6, and C that are essential for both the mom and the fetus. It helps prevent constipation and weight gain in the mom. It also reduces risk of high blood pressure and gestational diabetes.
Cinnamon is safe during pregnancy if had in normal food amounts, say as flavoring or seasoning. It's best to avoid the supplements and cinnamon-laden goodies. As cinnamon lowers blood glucose and prevents blood clotting, pregnant women on diabetes medication and blood thinners need to be careful, especially during or after surgery. Since it also stimulates menstrual flow, large amounts may induce a miscarriage. Other risks are allergy and drug reactions.
Pregnancy induces a wariness and caution toward what you eat, drink, and do. A similar feeling and myth surround spicy foods during pregnancy. But the fact is, spicy foods are mostly harmless and can be unhealthy only if you're allergic to them, if you feel morning sickness or nausea after smelling or eat them, or if you've always been sensitive to such foods.
Don't ditch the condom during intercourse for fear of its side effects. Barring a latex allergy, there are no known side effects of female or male condoms. If you're sensitive to latex, use condoms made of polyurethane or nitrile to eliminate any irritation, burning, or other allergic reactions. Avoid spermicides like nonoxynol-9 which may trigger yeast infections, but don't expose yourself to the risk of HIV or sexually transmitted infections by not using condoms.
Breakthrough bleeding isn’t something you’d normally expect with the clockwork efficiency of oral contraceptive pills. Yet, it is surprisingly common in the early weeks and months after you begin taking these pills, as your system adjusts. It could also happen when you miss a pill or you fall ill, have stomach upsets or vomiting and can’t keep the pill down. Breakthrough bleeding while on the pill is also a possibility if you take certain antiseizure medications or herbal remedies such as St. John's Wort.
Labor has 4 stages. Stage 1 lasts between 12 to 19 hours. Here, contractions get increasingly intense and more frequent and your cervix dilates to 10 cm. Stage 2 lasts between 20 minutes to 2 hours. You start pushing and deliver your baby during this stage. Stage 3 lasts 5 to 30 minutes. The placenta is delivered in this stage. Stage 4 indicates the first 2 to 3 hours after birth – time for you to rest, recover, and breastfeed.
By week 8 of pregnancy, the first semblance of the human body begins to develop and the embryo becomes a fetus. Organ systems such as the lungs, and features such as the eyes and ears are beginning to form now and the growing fetus looks more like a baby, even though it is only about half an inch long. The phase of morning sickness will come to an end in a few weeks, so that is something to look forward to. If you notice any abnormal bleeding or extreme fatigue, don't wait to report these to your doctor.
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