Thalassemia can take on myriad forms, and depending on what you're dealing with – alpha thalassemia or beta thalassemia, thalassemia trait, or thalassemia major – your symptoms may vary. Watch for signs like stunted growth, delayed puberty, pale or jaundiced appearance, fatigue, bone development issues, and dark colored urine. Complications may include severe/mild anemia, heart problems, liver cirrhosis, and diabetes, each bringing its own symptoms.
Iron overload can lead to tissue and organ damage as iron has the capability of forming free oxygen radicals in the tissues. A high level of iron in the tissues may increase the risk of cancer. It can reduce the immunity level in the body and make the body susceptible to infection and diseases. It can damage the brain and affect the liver causing cirrhosis. So, when it comes to iron, too much of a good thing is a very real possibility and quite dangerous too.
Iron tablets can cause side effects such as abdominal pain, cramps, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and black stools in some. They can also reduce zinc absorption and interact with medications. In people with hemochromatosis, iron could build to toxic levels through supplementation. Overdosing on iron can cause fluid build-up in the lungs, liver damage, and vomiting of blood.
Tomatoes have vitamin C and A, the two nutrients needed for a healthy immune system. They help in preventing many diseases, cancer, and the common cold. Vitamin C also improves iron absorption. Tomatoes also have lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that protects your heart. The potassium in tomatoes manages your blood pressure and keeps preeclampsia at bay. Tomatoes are acidic, so eat them in moderation if you are prone to heartburn.
Iron is vital in the production of red blood cells, important in transporting oxygen to different parts of the body. They're also important in converting blood sugar to energy and regulating certain antioxidants. Iron plays a key role in immunity, metabolism and cognitive function. Include meat, seafood, spinach and beans to your diet to maintain optimum iron levels.
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