A deficiency in vitamin C can cause fatigue, anemia, easy bruising, nosebleeds, inflamed and bleeding gums. You may also notice frequent infections, slow wound healing, and inflamed, painful joints. A vitamin C deficiency may also be responsible for dry hair and split ends, weight gain, and dry, rough, scaly skin.
Vitamin K may not get as much attention as some other vitamins but it is just as important. Kiwi, prunes, and avocados are a good bet if you want to load up on this nutrient via fruits. Blackberries, blueberries, grapes, pomegranates also offer up vitamin K. So do tomatoes, dried figs, pears, and apricots.
An overwhelming majority of people in the United States have insufficient vitamin E intake. When this deficiency begins to show, it causes nerve and muscle damage, loss of sensation and trouble coordinating limbs, vision problems, dry skin, and brittle hair. It even raises susceptibility to infections.
A vitamin D deficiency can leave you with weak bones from osteopenia or osteoporosis. It could cause mental health issues like depression and schizophrenia or hamper cognitive ability and bring on dementia in the elderly. Skin problems like eczema are also possible, so take a good hard look at your vitamin D numbers.
A vitamin D deficiency can leave you with brittle or misshapen bones and even bring on depression. If you aren’t getting enough sunlight to make vitamin D, boost your dietary intake with vitamin D-rich foods like oily fish, liver, kidney, eggs, or mushrooms. Many foods like milk, yogurt, cereal, margarine, and juice are fortified with vitamin D.
Vitamin K plays an important role in blood clotting. Increased bleeding or bruising, blood in vomit, stool, and urine, heavy menstrual bleeding may indicate a deficiency. Babies with a deficiency maybe excessively sleepy or fussy. Low levels may also increase risk of osteoporosis, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, so watch out for signs of these as well.
Your body may not need a lot of selenium but it is key to immune and thyroid function and has antioxidant benefits for your body. Fall short and you may experience fatigue, hair loss, weight gain, joint and muscle pain. Signs that indicate problems like Kashin-Beck disease or Keshen disease may also develop.
If you have a vitamin K deficiency, you may notice your blood takes longer to clot or that you bleed excessively after an injection or a cut. Bone health might suffer, menstrual periods could be heavy, and you could develop anemia. Babies may even develop potentially life-threatening vitamin K deficiency Bleeding.
A vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is usually triggered by poor nutrition or health problems that interfere with its absorption. VAD can cause eye diseases such as night blindness, Bitot's spots, corneal xerosis or ulcers, and keratomalacia,. Anemia and poor skin and hair health are also common as are frequent infections. Young children and pregnant women are especially vulnerable.
Iron deficiency diseases like anemia have symptoms like fatigue that are easily confused for regular tiredness, but ignore them and you could wind up experiencing heart palpitations, shortness of breath, and worse. Even hair loss, pica, mouth ulcers, tinnitus, or restless legs syndrome could be connected to an iron deficiency.
Fatigue, shortness of breath, palpitation, and pale skin are common signs of iron deficiency. You may also experience headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears, and hair loss. Increased frequency of infections, restless legs syndrome, craving for non-food substances, cracks near the mouth, and brittle nails are also possible signs.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can be due to a diet lacking in B12 rich foods, like in the case of vegans and vegetarians. It can also be due to poor absorption due to alcoholism, low levels of stomach acids and a protein called gastric intrinsic factor, gastritis, celiac, Crohn's disease, pernicious anemia, aging, and a genetic variation.
A vitamin A deficiency can compromise your eyes, skin, and overall health. Night blindness, dry, scaly, itchy skin, cracked lips, rashes, and broken nails can be red flags. Dry eyes, white or gray spots (Bitot's spots) in the whites of your eyes, corneal ulcers, and frequent infections are other signs.
Attention-deficit disorders, namely ADHD and ADD, affect one's ability to focus and be attentive. Ongoing research is looking into the link between nutrition and attention disorders. Deficiencies in zinc, iron, magnesium, and vitamin B6 are common in ADHD patients. Artifical colorings and additives might account for 10% of hyperactivity in children. Excessive consumption of simple sugar might worsen hyperactivity. Certain symptoms of omega 3 deficiency and ADHD are similar.
Vitamin D is extremely important for your bone health and a deficiency can result in weak and brittle bones. Your body can produce vitamin D when skin is directly exposed to sunlight. You can also get vitamin D through foods such as beef liver, eggs, mushrooms, cod liver oil, and fatty fish like swordfish, salmon, or tuna. Your doctor may also advise supplements if you are found to be deficient.
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