The Zika virus can be transmitted through mosquito bites and sexually. Avoid areas with the virus during pregnancy. Screens, bed nets, and mosquito repellents can protect against mosquitoes. Natural repellents like neem oil, fumigants like citronella oil, and larvicides like the essential oils of sweet flag and sweet basil may also be useful. Also, clear out stagnant water. Condoms and dental dams can help protect you from sexual transmission of the Zika virus.
Microcephaly is a congenital condition in which an infant's head is significantly smaller than peers of same age and sex. It can be brought on by infection with zika or rubella virus, exposure to toxic chemicals, and even malnutrition during pregnancy. Supportive therapies like occupational, speech therapy can help an affected child cope better and improve her quality of life.
If you are pregnant/trying to conceive, you should be extremely cautious of this mosquito-borne illness that can even threaten your unborn baby's health. Zika can cause microcephaly and other severe neurological defects among newborns including vision problems, impaired growth. The best approach is to prevent mosquito bites, avoid traveling to zika-prone areas.
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