Leptin: Helps increase sensation of satiety. Grehlin: Helps increase appetite. Adiponectin: Regulates glucose levels and fatty acid breakdown. Cortisol: Inhibits insulin production and glucose storage. Insulin: Helps move sugar from blood into body cells. Low fructose, sugar and carb food, exercise and weight management help keep these hormones balanced.
Is weight an issue for you? One way to help your body eliminate weight is to work with the weight-managing hormones. And some of these are given here:
This hormone helps increase the sensation of satiety. Leptin is released from white fat cells. When this hormone is low, we eat more; so we need to keep it up. However, too much leptin (secreted from all those fat cells) causes leptin resistance.
It is also involved in insulin secretion; brain function; improved immune system; and thyroid, adrenal, and reproductive functions. The other hormones that help with the same function are cholesystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide (GLP), peptide YY, and melancortin.
This helps increase the appetite. Grehlin is released in the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, and brain. In addition to stimulating hunger, it also performs the following functions:
- Regulates the growth hormone, gastric motility
- Assists in energy balance
- Reduces fat utilization
- Stimulates lactotroph and corticotroph function
- Manages the pituitary gonadal function (reproductive system)
- Inhibits pro-inflammatory messengers
- Facilitates acid secretion, pancreatic hormone secretion, and glucose metabolism
This regulates glucose levels and fatty acid breakdown. Adiponectin is a protein hormone released from fat cells. Functions of adiponectin include the following:
- Helps regulate glucose
- Improves insulin sensitivity in the liver
- Is inversely correlated with the levels of leptin and insulin
- Is interactive with steroid hormones
This regulates blood glucose levels by inhibiting insulin production to prevent glucose from being stored. Cortisol regulates changes that occur in the body in response to stress.
It helps regulate blood glucose levels, metabolism, immune response, sex drive, menstruation, blood pressure, osteoporosis, muscle strength, and mood/anxiety.
This helps move sugar from the blood into your cells. Insulin obviously has a huge impact on the body. So we need to make sure that the body can regulate it. These can be done via three methods:
- Food restriction
- Weight loss
Most of these hormones can be off-balance for many of us. But don’t get carried away with programs and magic pills claiming to improve the functionality of these hormones, because they’re not that effective.
Recommended Foods To Eat
- Raw nuts and seeds
- Cruciferous vegetables
- Bok choy
- Brussels sprouts
- Green leafy vegetables
Foods To Avoid
- Trans fats
- Baked goods
- Fructose products
- Simple carbs
- Fruits high in fructose
So we come back to what our mothers told us, “Eat your vegetables!” This itself is first step to balance out your weight management hormones. Enjoy and have fun with them.