Excessive Burping: Causes And Remedies

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Burping is your body’s way of getting rid of unwanted gas. This gas may have an external source, such as swallowing air while talking or chewing gum, or an internal cause such as heartburn or GERD. If you find yourself burping excessively, evaluate your mealtimes as well and make sure they are regular. Stress can also induce heartburn and burping. If accompanied by lack of hunger and pain after a meal, see a doctor.

Burping is your body’s natural way of expelling unwanted gases from the digestive system. These gases may be produced by undigested food in the intestine or may have been swallowed along with food. Natural as they may be, burps can be quite unpleasant, especially when they are accompanied by acid reflux. Some people may be uncomfortable with burping in a social gathering. If you find yourself burping excessively, here’s what might be causing the belching.

Causes Of Burping

1. Swallowing Air

Swallowing too much air can cause burping

If you burp often, the cause can be quite as unassuming as gulping too much air while you talk or eat. Even yawning excessively can cause burping. Simply put, all of these activities cause us to ingest some air into our digestive system. Since air doesn’t belong there, the system expels it through a burp. Chewing gum, using a straw to drink, and even swallowing often due to nervousness can cause you to burp.1

2. Heartburn

Heartburn can cause burping.

Heartburn is another cause of excessive burping. Often mistaken for a heart attack in severe cases, heartburn or acidity can cause us to burp excessively and often, with a strong stench.2

3. Depression

Burping can be a sign of depression.

There is some reason to believe that belching can be psychological in nature and be caused when a person is depressed or anxious. Frequent burping is also the first sign of depression.3

4. Poorly Fit Dentures

Poorly fit dentures can cause burping.

Poorly fitting dentures and a postnasal drip due to a cold or allergies can also cause you to swallow more air than you usually do. The air thus ingested can cause you to burp more often.4

5. Eaten Certain Foods That Cause Belching

Soda can cause burping

If you find yourself burping frequently, it could be because of the food you consume. Foods like beans, certain vegetables (artichokes, asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cucumbers, green peppers, onions, radishes, celery, and carrots), fruits (apples, peaches, raisins, bananas, apricots, prune juice, and pears), whole grains, aerated beverages, dairy, and sugary foods are known to increase belching.5

6. Indigestion And Food Intolerance

Indigestion and fool intolerances can cause burping.

Sometimes, indigestion can also cause smelly burps. When your food spends a long time in the stomach and intestines, it ferments and gives rise to foul-smelling gases that then come out as a burp. Excessive burping can also be a sign of celiac disease or lactose intolerance.

7. GERD

Burping can be a symptom of GERD.

The most serious cause of chronic, excessive burping is gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. When the muscle at the end of the esophagus does not close well, the contents of the stomach including acid can rise up into the esophagus again, causing you to burp.6

How To Reduce Burping

1. Drink Fluids

Drink fluids to reduce burping

The first, easiest and surest way to stop burping in its tracks is to drink fluids, preferably water. Don’t gulp the water though, as it can worsen the problem. You can also make it a point to eat and drink more slowly. If burping is being caused by indigestion, a tea made of digestive aids such as ginger or fennel can help cure indigestion and thus, the gas and burping.7

2. Eat On Time

To reduce burping, eat on time.

Sometimes, you may also burp when you have skipped a meal, thus creating gas and bloating in the system. Eating fatty foods after a period of starvation can also cause you to develop gas and bloating.8 Additionally, make sure you don’t rush through your meal. Chew the food and eat it slowly.

3. Sit Upright

Sit upright to reduce burping.

Some studies have shown that sitting upright makes the gas from the stomach leave easily and can be a quick cure for burping.9 If you have the habit of lying down often, sit up straight for a while, especially after a meal. To improve your posture, you can try practicing vajrasana – a yoga pose that reduces the formation and passing of gas.10

4. Get Your Dentures Rechecked

If you burn frequently, get your dentures rechecked.

As mentioned earlier, dentures that are poorly fit can cause us to swallow more air. Likewise, your nasal drip can also cause you to swallow more of the time. By addressing this underlying cause, it is possible to get rid of the burping.11

5. Treat The Acid Reflux

Treat acid reflux to reduce burping.

If acid reflux is responsible for your burping, consider regulating your meal-times better. Some foods like citrus fruits, spicy foods, and aerated beverages can increase acidity, so they are best avoided.12

6. Evaluate Your Medication

Find out whether your medicines are causing burping.

Some medications like antibiotics can cause gut imbalance and cause bloating.13 So, if you notice that you burp more often when you are on medication, speak to your doctor and discuss what you can do about it.

7. Address GERD Immediately

To reduce excessive burping, get checked for GERD.

If GERD is the cause of your burping, you would do well to take the situation seriously and find a solution to GERD. Untreated GERD can lead to the ruptured lining of the digestive tract and can even lead to infection-causing holes in the intestine. Burping will disappear in no time once the underlying issue is resolved.

8. Get Help For Anxiety And Depression

Depression can cause burping.

If you’re under stress, learn to manage it better. Speak to a counsellor about the problem you are facing. If you are burping often due to anxiety and thus are avoiding the triggers (such as social gatherings), then behavioral therapy can help you deal with the trigger and thus stop burping.14

Burping is unpleasant, but can often be treated by altering your dietary and lifestyle habits. However, if you feel bloated and burp excessively even after incorporating these lifestyle changes, then it is wise to consult a medical practitioner to rule out serious complications like dumping syndrome and abdominal adhesions.

References   [ + ]

1.Burping a lot, and I want to stop. Columbia University.
2.Heartburn or heart attack?. American Heart Association.
3.Appleby, Brian S., and Paul B. Rosenberg. “Aerophagia as the initial presenting symptom of a depressed patient.” Primary care companion to the Journal of clinical psychiatry 8, no. 4 (2006): 245.
4, 11.Belching, Bloating, and Flatulence. American College Of Gastroenterology.
5.Tips on Controlling Gas. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders.
6.GERD. U.S. National Library Of Medicine.
7.Langner, E., S. Greifenberg, and J. Gruenwald. “Ginger: history and use.” Advances in therapy 15, no. 1 (1998): 25-44.
8.Feinle, Christine, David Grundy, Bärbel Otto, and Michael Fried. “Relationship between increasing duodenal lipid doses, gastric perception, and plasma hormone levels in humans.” American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 278, no. 5 (2000): R1217-R1223.
9.Dainese, R., J. Serra, F. Azpiroz, and J. R. Malagelada. “Influence of body posture on intestinal transit of gas.” Gut 52, no. 7 (2003): 971-974.
10.Thakur, Vikrant, and Vikash Bhatnagar. “VAJRASANA AND ITS PHYSIOANATOMICAL ASPECT.”
12.Lloyd, D. A., and I. T. Borda. “Food-induced heartburn: effect of osmolality.” Gastroenterology 80, no. 4 (1981): 740-741.
13.Pérez-Cobas, Ana Elena, María José Gosalbes, Anette Friedrichs, Henrik Knecht, Alejandro Artacho, Kathleen Eismann, Wolfgang Otto et al. “Gut microbiota disturbance during antibiotic therapy: a multi-omic approach.” Gut (2012): gutjnl-2012.
14.Bredenoord, Albert J., and André JPM Smout. “Physiologic and pathologic belching.” Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology 5, no. 7 (2007): 772-775.

Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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