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9 Side Effects Or Disadvantages Of Eating Jaggery To Be Wary Of

Jaggery Disadvantages

Jaggery may be a more nutritious alternative to refined sugar and also has its place in many traditional remedies. But be wary of parasitic infestations, impurities, and age of the jaggery. Weight gain, elevated sugar levels from high intake, and indigestion are other side effects to watch out for.

Jaggery may be the poster child of sweeteners thanks to its possible health benefits and nutrient content. After all, it is a great source of energy and could rev up your metabolism and increase iron intake.1 2 Ayurveda also uses jaggery, guda, or gur to help treat a range of conditions, from migraines to anxiety and fatigue.3 But as with any remedy, jaggery is not without its shortcomings. Depending on your medical history and health, as well as the purity of the jaggery itself, consuming this sugary ingredient may present some possible problems. Here’s a closer look at what to watch out for!

1. May Cause Weight Gain

Ringing in 38.3 calories with every 10 gm, jaggery is no diet food!4 If you binge on jaggery and use it liberally in your beverages, meals, or desserts and snacks, you will rack up the calories and sugar, both of which can see you piling on the extra pounds. This is, after all, a food that’s largely just carbohydrates and that too mostly sugar. And while it has some nutrients, there are healthier and lower calorie ways to get those nutrients from your diet, be it through fresh vegetables, fruits, or whole grains.

2. Has To Be Avoided If You Are Prone To Inflammation Or Swelling

According to ayurveda, gur or jaggery is best avoided for conditions of shotha – that is edema or swelling. Being a sugary food, it could worsen the swelling and any fluid retention you face. Which is why when it comes to amavata or the swelling of joints, jaggery winds up on a list of things to be avoided.5

Sugary foods in general and refined sugar in particular are known to be linked to inflammation in the body. And while jaggery isn’t refined, it is still largely made up of sucrose, so if you have inflammatory conditions, including problems like rheumatoid arthritis, you might need to watch your intake.6 Animal studies have also found that sucrose could interfere with the work of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids, compounding your inflammation.7

3. Raises Blood Sugar Levels

Ultimately, jaggery is a sweetener and high in sugar. If you’re diabetic, you’re probably watching your sugar intake to avoid episodes of hyperglycemia, where you see a sudden spike in blood glucose levels. And jaggery, like any sugary substance, can cause your blood sugar levels to rise when you eat it. Have too much and you run the very real risk of complications from hyperglycemia. A 10 gm serving of jaggery is almost entirely sugar, 9.7 gm of it to be exact.8 As one study of people with non-insulin dependent diabetes found, jaggery produced responses comparable to honey and sucrose or plain sugar on the blood glucose response test at the 2-hour mark. In other words, you couldn’t call jaggery “better” for diabetics.9 Ayurveda, in fact, recommends that diabetics steer clear of sweet substances like jaggery and sugar.10

4. Raises Risk Of Parasitic Infections

If the jaggery itself is impure or not prepared properly, you also run the risk of contracting intestinal worms or parasites from eating it.11 As one study found, the relatively unhygienic conditions under which a lot of jaggery is prepared traditionally can mean that it is laden with microbes, many of which may even be resistant to different antibiotics and may adversely affect your health.12 Ironically, jaggery is actually a part of anti-intestinal ayurvedic medication “manibhadra guda” where its role is to attract the worms to the intestines so the herbs in the medication can act against them.

While jaggery is often seen as a better alternative to any other sweetener, it actually makes it to the list of foods you should avoid if you have ulcerative colitis. Sugars in general seem to worsen the problem, allowing undesirable intestinal microbes to flourish.13

One piece of research on the connection between this digestive health problem and autism found that the Specific Carbohydrate Diet, designed to help correct digestive imbalance, may also help with issues of the brain, including seizures. According to this diet, you should avoid jaggery. Other foods to be avoided completely on this diet include processed foods, grains, starchy vegetables, canned vegetables, milk products (except for specially made fermented yogurt), flour, and sugar.14

6. May Cause Indigestion Or Constipation When Freshly Made

Freshly made jaggery is believed to be a kapha-inducing food according to ayurveda. As a result, it can cause indigestion. Some people report experiencing constipation from jaggery intake as well.15 Old jaggery is at least a year old. Jaggery older than 3 years, referred to as prapuranaguda, is generally used in ayurvedic remedies.16

7. Can Cause Illness If Older Than 4 Years

Now here’s where it can get confusing. While absolutely freshly made jaggery isn’t good if are prone to digestion issues, use any that’s too old and it could be just as bad – or worse. Guda that’s been stored for 4 or more years loses not just its flavor but also puts you at risk of contracting parasites like worms (krimi), respiratory issues (svasa), or cough(kasa).17 So be sure to read the labels carefully and ensure you are buying jaggery made well within this mark.

8. Poses Risk Of Allergy For Some

There is also the chance that jaggery could be a food you are allergic to. If this is the case, it is off the cards for you and may be better substituted by another natural sweetener like cane sugar.18 If you do have an allergy to jaggery, these are some of the side effects you might experience:19

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Wheezing
  • Cough
  • Rashes
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Fatigue

Interestingly, if you aren’t allergic to it, jaggery is actually a great anti-allergy remedy. An ayurvedic remedy uses jaggery along with 4 to 5 teaspoons of turmeric cooked in a spoon of butter to counter asthmatic attacks.20

9. May Be Adulterated

Even if you don’t have an allergy to it or any medical history that might prevent you from having jaggery regularly, you should be mindful of one issue that could impact anyone. One of the major disadvantages users of jaggery or gur will face is one of consistency and purity. Unlike any food which is produced by automated plants to fixed standards, because of how jaggery is often made, the quality, color, and nutrient content can vary a fair bit. When automated, the taste and color are more uniform. Unfortunately, this is only done for sugarcane jaggery but not the other kind of jaggery – palm or palmyra jaggery.21

The adulteration of jaggery may involve the addition of chemicals that have adverse effects on your health. Here are some common adulterants for the different types of jaggery available in the market:22

  • Sugarcane jaggery: Zinc formaldehyde sulphoxylate is used to lighten the color of the jaggery. Unfortunately, this chemical, used in the textile industry, is certainly not intended for human consumption and could even be toxic. Sodium bicarbonate, while itself not very harmful, is another additive.
  • Palmyra jaggery: A more expensive jaggery, it is often adulterated with refined sugar which is much cheaper, stripping it of some of the nutrition and exposing you to a highly processed refined food. Yellow coloring which isn’t intended for dietary intake may also be used.

But, luckily, with a little care like picking a product from a reputed manufacturer, you can sidestep this issue.

So the verdict? If you don’t have any health conditions that call for avoiding sugary foods or jaggery, this natural sweetener can be part of a wholesome balanced diet and may even help overcome other health problems when used in ayurvedic or herbal remedies. Pick up the product from a reliable manufacturer and be sure not to consume it in excess and you are free to enjoy your gur!

References   [ + ]

1. Sahu, Anand P., and Ashok K. Saxena. “Enhanced translocation of particles from lungs by jaggery.” Environmental health perspectives 102, no. Suppl 5 (1994): 211.
2. Shrivastav, Priyanka, Abhay Kumar Verma, Ramanpreet Walia, Rehana Parveen, and Arun Kumar Singh. “EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH.”
4. Jaggery (Indian raw sugar). Self Nutrition Data.
5. Amavata. National Health Portal of India.
6. Giugliano, Dario, Antonio Ceriello, and Katherine Esposito. “The effects of diet on inflammation.” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 48, no. 4 (2006): 677-685.
7. Ma, Tao, Bjørn Liaset, Qin Hao, Rasmus Koefoed Petersen, Even Fjære, Ha Thi Ngo, Haldis Haukås Lillefosse et al. “Sucrose counteracts the anti-inflammatory effect of fish oil in adipose tissue and increases obesity development in mice.” PloS one 6, no. 6 (2011): e21647.
8. Jaggery (Indian raw sugar). Self NutritionData.
9. Uma, P., R. S. Hariharan, V. Ramani, and V. Seshia. “Glycaemic indices of different sugars.” International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 7 (1987): 78-82.
10. Goli Penchala Prasad, Dr G. Babu, and G. K. Swamy. “A contemporary scientific support on role of ancient ayurvedic diet and concepts in diabetes mellitus (Madhumeha).” Ancient science of life 25, no. 3-4 (2006): 84.
11. Living Easy with Ayurveda. Partridge Publishing.
12. Singh, Shubhra, Ashutosh Dubey, Lakshmi Tiwari, and A. K. Verma. “Microbial profile of stored jaggery: A traditional Indian sweetener.” Sugar Tech 11, no. 2 (2009): 213-216.
13, 14. Gotschall, E. “Digestion-gut-autism connection: the specific carbohydrate diet.” Medical Veritas 1, no. 2 (2004): 261-71.
15. Sekar, S., and S. Mariappan. “Traditionally fermented biomedicines, arishtas and asavas from Ayurveda.” (2008).
16, 17, 21, 22. Deshmukh, Ashwini, Meenakshi Amrutkar, and Shardul Chavan. “MODERN AND AYURVEDIC ASPECTS OF GUDA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO JAGGERY.”
18. A Guide to Allergies By Dr.Ramdas, Anuradha S.K. Lotus Press.
19. Allergy Symptoms. American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
20. Svasa Roga (Asthma). Ayurveda Institute UK.

Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.