6 Major Causes Of Fibrocystic Breast Disease

Email to Your Friends

Many women suffer from fibrocystic breast disease and its associated symptoms. Studies have proven that estrogen predominance, excessive caffeine intake, inadequate iodine in the diet can cause these changes in the breasts. Especially in postmenopausal women, when estrogen HRT was administered, the symptoms were seen to flare up.

All over the world, more than 50% of all women experience signs of fibrocystic breast disease during each menstrual cycle. Characterized by breast lumpiness and tenderness as well as nipple discharge, the condition can be a matter of concern to women who experience the symptoms. Check out the 6 factors that are closely related with the onset of fibrocystic changes in the breasts.

1. Hormonal Imbalance

hormonal changes cause fibrocystic disease

The biggest reason behind fibrocystic changes in the breast is hormonal variations of estrogen and progesterone during a menstrual cycle. High levels of estrogen along with deficiency of progesterone lead to excessive growth of connective tissue of the breasts. This leads to fibrocystic changes 1

2. Excessive Caffeine Intake

excess caffeine causes fibrocystic disease

Studies claim that women who had more than 500mg/day of caffeine were 2-3 times more likely to develop fibrocystic changes of the breast.2 Heavy caffeine intake can even worsen pain and discomfort with fibrocystic disease especially around the time of menstruation.

3. Alcoholism

fibrocystic disease in alcoholic women

Alcohol intake in moderation is fine. However, studies claim that women with fibrocystic breast disease are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer with frequent drinking.3

4. Inadequate Iodine Intake

iodine deficiency leads to fibrocystic changes

Iodine deficiency has been linked to the development of pathological diseases of the breast like the fibrocystic disease as well as cancer. Iodised salt is the best way to incorporate iodine in the diet regularly.4

5. Family History Of Breast Disease

fibrocystic breast disease runs in family

If your mother or sister have suffered from benign or malignant breast diseases, you are more likely to suffer from the disease as well. The best way to detect the disease early is by undergoing a clinical breast examination as early as possible.5

6. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

hormone replacement therapy for fibrocystic

Researchers have found that postmenopausal women who were on hormone replacement with estrogen HRT caused the symptoms of fibrocystic breast disease to flare up.6To stay on the safer side, it is best to address this concern with your healthcare provider before you start with HRT.

Fibrocystic breast disease is a way to remind yourself to take better care of your health. Many women worldwide, fret when they are diagnosed with fibrocystic breast disease. It is important to remember that the condition can be kept in check and prevented from progressing with the right lifestyle choices. The condition should only motivate you to undergo regular breast examination so that you know what’s going on with your body.

References   [ + ]

1.Vorherr, Helmuth. “Fibrocystic breast disease: pathophysiology, pathomorphology, clinical picture, and management.” American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 154, no. 1 (1986): 161-179.
2.Boyle, Coleen A., Gertrud S. Berkowitz, Virginia A. LiVolsi, Sharon Ort, Maria J. Merino, Colin White, and Jennifer L. Kelsey. “Caffeine consumption and fibrocystic breast disease: a case-control epidemiologic study.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute 72, no. 5 (1984): 1015-1019.
3.Brostrom,   Geralyn G. Brostrom, Jack .The Business of Wine: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO,2008
4.Venturi, Sebastiano. “Is there a role for iodine in breast diseases?.” The Breast 10, no. 5 (2001): 379-382.
5.ERNSTER, VIRGINIA L. “The epidemiology of benign breast disease.” Epidemiologic reviews 3, no. 1 (1981): 184-202.
6.Hormone Replacement Therapy Ups Risk of Benign Breast Disease. BREASTCANCER.ORG

Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Email to Your Friends