Curejoy Expert Dr.Janardhana Hebbar Explains:
Bitter gourd is a type of melon-fruit which is very low in calories. It’s packed with vitamins like B1, B2, B3, C, Magnesium, folate, zinc, phosphorus, iron, manganese and has high dietary fiber. It contains 2x beta-carotene of broccoli, 2x the calcium of spinach and 2x the potassium of a banana.
Another unique composition of this melon is that it contains a phyto-constituent called ‘charantin’ that has a confirmed hypoglycaemic effect. Another insulin-like compound known as polypeptide P has been suggested as an insulin replacement for people suffering from diabetics.
Bitter gourd also contains anthelmintic or anti-helminthic compounds which are used to cure gastrointestinal diseases. Intake of its juice kills parasitic-worms that grow inside our body. It also contains anti-inflammatory properties. Bitter gourd seeds protect you from heart problems by burning unwanted fat and keeping arteries free from clogging. It’s also known to have anti-cancer properties. The two compounds in bitter-gourd: a-eleostearic acid which is found in the seed and 15, 16-dihydroxy-a-eleostearic acid prevents cancerous cells and is a good cure for leukemia and other blood irregularities like anemia.
But one must not consume more than two ounces of bitter gourd. Excessive consumption may cause mild abdominal pain or diarrhoea. Diabetics taking hypoglycaemic drugs will need to alter the dosage of their drugs if they consume bitter melon on a regular basis. Pregnant women should also avoid taking too much bitter gourd or its juice as it may stimulate the uterus that may lead to preterm labour.