Ages and Stages of Child Development

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For a parent nothing can be more satisfying than watching their kid grow and cross the threshold of different ages and stages of child development. It is important for good parenting that you, as a parent, understand and be prepared for these stages.

Newborn to 1 Month


Physical Development

Ability to make visual distinction
Recognition of speech, sound, and smell
Ability to move their head
Increase in weight and size of the baby
Begin to smile
May cry frequently to express itself
Will want to eat every three to four hours
Will sleep for almost two-thirds of the entire day

Emotional Development : Most babies tend to have a sense of generalized tension because of a general feeling of helplessness. They also display signs of distress and delight.

Social Development : Babies who are not even a month old tend to display asocial tendencies.

1 – 3 Months



Physical Development :
Tend to respond more distinctly to sound and respond in return
Ability to change facial expressions, coo, and gurgle
Require less support to head than before because of gain in head control
Signs of being able to move
Better reflexes and movement to grasp objects
Increase in sleeping periods

Emotional Development : This is the age where the baby starts responding to affection and will show signs of enjoying cuddling.

Social Development : You will notice that your baby now starts responding to smiles and will fixate on faces. This is the beginning of his social development.

3 – 6 Months



Physical Development :
Greater mobility; ability to roll and crawl by dragging themselves on their bellies
Playing with their fingers and toes
Sitting up with minimal support or while leaning on their hands in tripod position
The weight of the baby should be double of what it was when born
Crying outbursts are restricted to specific reasons
Better coordination and motor skills
Ability to make and enjoy sounds
The number of feeding sessions will reduce
Sleeping pattern becomes more predictable
Fascinated by simple games

Emotional Development : At this age, most babies start displaying a certain level of attachment to their mothers and look for them.

Social Development : It is at this age that kids start recognizing their mother, expect to be dressed and bathed, and also expect to play simple games with their parents.

6 – 9 Months



Physical Development :
Ability to sit unassisted
Trying to stand
Most babies start crawling or at least try to crawl by this time
Ability to make different consonant sounds
Better control over actions
Teething may start during this time
Start getting used to solid foods
Emotional Development : There is lessening of the out-of-sight, out-of-mind phenomenon as they start looking for things that they have an attachment to.

Social Development : It is at this stage that many parents notice stranger anxiety in their kids. It is possible that they will fear strangers and may throw crying fits around them.

9 – 12 Months



Physical Development :
Ability to sit on their own without help
Making attempts to stand by holding on to things
Ability to utter their first words
Ability to communicate effectively to get their point across
Better coordination and grasping abilities

Emotional Development : Most babies tend to display fear when they are separated from their mothers. They get anxious and may even throw tantrums.

Social Development : Most babies of this age group are responsive to their names and also recognize their reflection. They also may be able to follow instructions.

12 – 18 Months


Physical Development :
Ability to walk without any assistance or with limited help
A couple of additions to the vocabulary excluding names for parents
Better motor skills and fine coordination

Emotional Development : The increased emotional dependence continues but the fear is lessened and a little more trust is established.

Social Development : Babies this age tend to be extremely curious and start to explore their surroundings. It is important that in this stage parents keep a close eye on the baby.

18 – 24 Months


Physical Development :
Increase in vocabulary and an ability to understand things better
Walking up the staircase with a little assistance
Better motor skills and better coordination
Better bowel and bladder control
Proper sleep pattern

Emotional Development : Many toddlers of this age tend to throw temper tantrums if they do not get what they want. They also become more aware of other people’s emotions, reflecting them in some situations

Social Development : Anxiety around other toddlers may be a common social behavioral pattern. They may also show anxiety when they think that unpleasant situations are going to occur.

2 – 3 Years


Physical Development :
Ability to talk in complete sentences
Ability to understand and follow rules
Motor skills become more confident and they tend to walk, jump, and climb with ease
Ability to dress themselves
Ability to name and categorize things

Emotional Development : Some children of this age group tend to show negative and violent tendencies. They may throw temper tantrums. They are also capable of identifying different emotions from facial expressions and respond to them.

Social Development : Many kids show a tendency to copy their parents. They also have a stubborn necessity to follow routine without any disturbance whatsoever.

3 Years and Above


Physical Development :
Self-reliant and an ability to help themselves with minimal assistance
Efficient vocabulary and an ability to made oneself understood with great ease
Able recognition of color, shapes, and sizes
Ability to draw circles and shapes of different kind
Decides to toilet train

Emotional Development : Children of this age often are capable of showing affection and do so with much ease. They also are capable of feeling emotions such as guilt and pride.

Social Development : Most kids start school at this age and tend to make friends easily. They tend to be cooperative and will like to share things. They also tend to take on roles performed by same-sex parent.



Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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