Is Circumcision Necessary And Healthy?

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Circumcision has been practiced for centuries by many people around the world for a multitude of reasons. And this makes it a hugely debatable issue.

During circumcision, the foreskin is held out, cut with a knife and a new edge is sewn shut, right below the rim of the penis head. Adults are given an anesthetic, a privilege that is not always extended to infants. The skin that is sewn shut becomes “tough” or “keratinized,” making it more impervious to infections.

What Are The Risks Associated With Circumcision?

  • Pain
  • Bleeding
  • Infection at the site of the circumcision
  • Irritation of the glans
  • Increased risk of meatitis (inflammation of the opening of the penis)
  • Risk of injury to the penis

What Risks Do Uncircumcised Men Face?

All the risks are due to the fact that the foreskin covers a mucus membrane that is easier for viruses and bacteria to infect.

  • HPV
  • Genital herpes
  • Syphilis
  • Chancroid

NOTE: It is important to remember that STIs are better prevented by condoms than anything else.

Uncircumcised men can also suffer from painful conditions like phimosis, paraphimosis, and balanitis. Studies have also suggested that circumcised boys are around 10 times less likely to catch a UTI than uncircumcised boys. However, if the issue isn’t resolved in a few hours, both cases may require circumcision.

Circumcision has also been shown to reduce the chance of certain conditions occurring in female partners, like bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and cervical cancer.

Circumcision can be helpful as a disease-prevention method in places where HIV is rampant and condom compliance is low, like Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. However, with good hygiene, safe-sex practices, and regular medical check-ups, circumcision isn’t necessary. In fact, The American Medical Association (AMA) says that while there are potential medical benefits, the current data “are not sufficient to recommend routine [infant] circumcision.”

Dr Janardhana Hebbar

Senior Ayurvedic Consultant at CureJoy, Dr. Hebbar has authored 4 books on Ayurveda. Special interests are Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine) and Shalya chikitsa (Surgery).

Dr Janardhana Hebbar

Senior Ayurvedic Consultant at CureJoy, Dr. Hebbar has authored 4 books on Ayurveda. Special interests are Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine) and Shalya chikitsa (Surgery).

Post a Comment
AnaCMaring 5pts

This is not true. It started to be a religious common practice. I come from a country where circumcision is no longer a common thing for more than 100 years and I can assure you that the level of infections didn't change. Plus, there's something that people should talk about and doctors tend to avoid it. Circumcision it self takes a lot of the penis sensibility so it turns sex less pleasant. If you do a research you will find why religion is so responsible for this. No men in my family ever did it, including my son and he's 32 years old now, and I find this procedure as a genital mutilation. Unnecessary. 

MandiBesa 5pts

This is bull shit and you know it. My baby son and My future male children I may have are not and will not be mutilated for some bull shit religious practice made popular by the belief that it makes men maternity less or is in anyway hygienic. We survived thousands of years as a species with men having foreskin and I'm pretty sure we will be just fine if we never chop another poor childs penis again. And I've dated men with and without foreskin. Guess which group had more STDs? I don't know anyone who foreskin that has herpes but I do know several without that do. Now I'm not sure if that's because the men with it are more careful or if they are just into cleaner life, but it's something I've noticed. Nobody would even support ripping apart a little girls genitals. But it's expected that we do it to our sons. Get fucking real. Stop fucking telling us to maim our chikdren!

djbiviano 5pts

Maressa, it is so sad to hear a woman talk about what should be done with a man's, baby's genitals. Consider how it would sound if I talked about how your vulva should be altered, for hygiene! Your brothers and cousin did not have good hygiene - that's an issue for all men, intact or circumcised. The tight foreskin that made it difficult to pee if extremely rare and can be relieved without surgery. More common is post-circumcision closing of the meatus (pee hole), which happened to my relative's baby and required an emergency re-surgery! 

You do not know the countless men who suffer from painful erections due to lack of shaft skin from their circumcision. Or those with scars and tags and adhesions that are very painful, lifelong and cause serious difficulties with intercourse. 

Think about it - your recommending changing nature's design on a boy's genitals! Really? 80% of men in the world live just fine with intact genitals - only in American does the medical industry mutilate the genitals of newborn boys. A crime.

Toulouse1969 5pts

I have two uncircumcised boys. They are 11 and 14. Neither has ever had a UTI.

kuriaxx12 5pts

How about if one wants to have circumcision at a long age of about over 50's is it good and safe or it may couse some damge to the persons manhood ?

MandiBesa 5pts

Hi would go to your chosen doctor and discuss options. Your personal hygiene and ability to heal and your ability to use common sense after the procedure about pain are all factors in that decision. Also I'd ask about how many successful and unsuccessful circumcisions they've done. One of my friends had the whole head ripped off during a circumcision. He consequently doesn't have a lot left to work with as they tried to make a head out of the shaft for aesthetics. He has other problems too, but I also don't know how often that happens in adult males.

djbiviano 5pts

It says "Dr" and"Expert", yet everything he writes save for the last paragraph is not supported by the research or based on science. Imagine cutting, sewing and keratinizing part of your body to make it "more impervious to infection!" Then lists one of the risks of circumcision as increased risk of infection. His acknowledgement that the AAP does not recommend routine infant circumcision is commendable - however, all of the false information above that is from the AAP's intense campaign to re-establish universal infant circumcision. Follow the money if they're not following the science!

zeasts 5pts

So which is best ? 

a)  Uncircumcised

b)  Circumcised

c)  Circumcised Rolled Back

BobbyHenry 5pts


JosephLewis 5pts

"In both cases [phimosis/paraphimosis/balanitis, UTIs], if the issue isn’t resolved in a few hours, it may require circumcision."

Simply false. Where do you get your data? This is a blur. Paraphimosis is a real problem. But can you go a bit further on "phimosis?" What is it? When is it a problem? Circumcision is the only cure for these? Seriously?

Sorry sir, your information is lacking.

Here. Let me help.

Phimosis is an iffy subject; most people define it as the condition when the foreskin is unable to retract behind the glans of the penis to reveal it. The problem is that in normal human development, the foreskin is usually fused to the glans, and it does not retractable until a later age. This age varies from boy to boy, and can range from 0 years to 18 years. Studies in Europe by Gaidner and Oster, and studies in Japan by Kayaba and Kimura reveal that the median age for foreskin retraction is about 10 years old. For these studies, hundreds if not thousands of boys were observed. So a child may not even be suffering "phimosis," but is merely going through a normal stage in development. (Just as a girl isn't suffering anything if she hasn't started her periods yet.) True cases of phimosis can only be diagnosed in men 18 and over, and maybe even then, they may not be suffering a real problem. A true case of phimosis happens when a penis that was once retractable (this could also happen in the younger age range here boys can become retractable at earlier ages), becomes non-retractable due to lesions of a presence in of the bacteria balanitis xerotica obliterans, or BXO. If there is an absence of lesions, the person does not have a true problem, and the non-retractile foreskin can be remedied through stretches and usage of steroid cream. True phimosis, or stricture of the foreskin due to BXO may be a true indication for circumcision. But again, at what rate do men get this condition? It is actually quite rare.

Paraphimosis is the opposite side of phimosis, where the foreskin becomes trapped behind the glans and unable to retract. The alleviation of this condition may require an incision, but not a full circumcision. The problem can be very well avoided if parents were told not to forcibly retract their children's foreskins. Unfortunately, misinformation runs wild, and nowadays parents are mistakenly told to forcibly retract their child's foreskin "for cleaning." This is not necessary, and the only person who should be trying to retract their foreskin is the child or the man himself. With time the foreskin becomes loose and will allow the glans to slip through. Early retraction puts the child at risk for paraphimosis.

Balanitis is nothing more than inflammation of the head of the penis, and does not need surgery. It's like prescribing surgery to a woman with yeast infection. A truly learned doctor will know what anti-bacterials and creams to prescribe. Suggesting circumcision to a child or man with balanitis is like suggesting rhinoplasty to a person with a runny nose. A good doctor finds the root of the cause and cures it.

MandiBesa 5pts

Thank you and please try to explain this to my damn in-laws!

JosephLewis 5pts

"Circumcision has also been shown to reduce the chance of certain conditions occurring in female partners, like bacterial vaginosis, trichonomoniasis and cervical cancer."

Has it now?

Can you give us a comparison of empirical data? What are the rates of these conditions in countries where circumcision is rare vs. countries where circumcision is a prevalent practice? Can a difference be noticed? I can tell you right now that they can't. Data suggests that there may be a trend in the *opposite* direction.

"Uncircumcised men can also suffer from painful conditions like ‘Phimosis’, ‘Paraphimosis’ and ‘Balanitis’."

At what rate? Uncircumcised women can also suffer from similar painful conditions, such as vaginisthmus, imperforate hymen and yeast infections.

"Research also suggests that circumcised boys are around 10 times less likely to catch a UTI than uncircumcised boys."

Question; at what rate do uncircumcised boys get UTIs vs. uncircumcised girls? And what is the remedy when a girl gets a UTI? Is it surgery? Or treatment?

Is there an epidemic of boys getting UTIs in the rest of the world where circumcision is not prevalent?

Let me remind you that 70 to 80% of the world's men are not circumcised.

JosephLewis 5pts

"But, circumcision can be helpful as a disease prevention method in places where HIV is rampant and condom compliance is low, like Africa, Asia and the Middle East."

This claim does not correlate with real world data.

USAID, for example, found that HIV was more prevalent in 10 out of 18 African countries among *circumcised* men.

The Middle East is a place where circumcision is already common due to cultural and religious practices. Can you tell us why circumcision hasn't prevented HIV transmission there?

In the US, 80% of men are already circumcised from birth, and in the 1980's that rate was even higher, at approximately 90%. This is important because circumcision is supposed to "reduce the rate of transmission." Yet this is when the epidemic began. And currently, according to the CIA World Factbook, we have a higher HIV prevalence than 53 countries in the world where circumcision is rare or not practice. We have more HIV than Mexico.

JosephLewis 5pts

Doctor, you are repeating misinformation, and you would benefit from educating yourself more on the subject.

Death is a risk of circumcision and you should talk about it.

And think about it; unless there is clear medical indication, circumcision IS "injury to the penis."

"Studies show that men are at risk for HPV, genital herpes, syphilis and chancroid."

And circumcised men are not at risk? Confirm this for us, Dr.

"This is due to the fact that the foreskin covers a mucus membrane that is easier for viruses and bacteria to infect."

Dr., I advise you to please read the fine print. This is pure hypothesis, and it is not proven, and actually, it has been *dis*proven already. Research actually shows that a thickened mucus membrane actually makes no difference. (Dinh et al.)

Have you considered that this same hypothesis would work for women, as women have way, WAY more surface area in terms of mucous membrane? You suggest the removal of similar tissues in women?

You utter a phrase that throws a monkey wrench into this whole argument:

"However, it is important to remember that STI’s are better prevented by condoms, than anything else."

Full stop. Circumcision is irrelevant.

rvmallya 5pts

Dr i dont think circumcision benefits, you are a science man i am appalled by your sense of understanding, all the bacterial infections are caused my poor hygiene and not because of foreskin.

Do you even know why foreskin is there on penis?

Please dont advice people wrong things.

chine cgn
chine cgn 5pts

Its the best thing my parent did for me. 

HughIntactive 5pts

@chine cgn What a deprived childhood you must have had, if the best thing your parent did for you was to cut off and throw away what would have been the best part of your penis!

JosephLewis 5pts

@chine cgn
Wow. If in your lifetime, you are experienced enough to know that this is actually *the* best thing your parents did for you, your parents must really suck...

xxtaytay4everxx 5pts

Rotfl, the best part of your penis is NOT the foreskin. The head, is the best part of your penis. Your foreskin has about the same sensitivity as the skin on your forearms.

MostAwesomeName 5pts

Also I would like to follow up on the topic:

Amputation of the hands prevents potential of:

- unaesthetic nails

- nail fungus

- pain in fingers

- Raynaud's disease

- Trigger Finger condition

- many other unpleasant and painful conditions and diseases

Derek Worley
Derek Worley 5pts

Kinda crazy how we just lop off a piece of human baby boy, no shrugs about it; It's cleaner, now when the Muslims do it to a girl, it's abhorrent

CanisMajoris1 5pts

My age is 27. is it safe for me to get circumcised at this age?? please suggest and give your views. thank you

HughIntactive 5pts

@CanisMajoris1 It is much safer than when you were a baby, but why? You don't know what you'll be losing until you've lost it, and it can never be undone. If you think you have a reason, such as a tight foreskin, look carefully into the alternatives to cutting it all off. There are both surgical and non-surgical alternatives.

JosephLewis 5pts

You can get circumcised at any age.

You can get any surgery at any age. You can go get a rhinoplasty right now if you want. You can get surgery to make your eyes more round. You can get surgery if you want to have your lips reduced. Maybe you think your ears stand out and you want those reduced also.

The question is, why would you want to?

SpiritImmortal 5pts

You may want to research more before you let lies and misinformation cause you to irreversibly alter the most sensitive part of your body which God saw fit to include on EVERY BABY BOY BORN into this world. The ignorance is pervasive on this topic and is agenda driven. There is also evidence that it is a form of ancient ritualistic abuse that the (((powers that be))) who seem to dominate and control the medical establishment and media and academia etc, have intentionally and systematically foisted upon us from various angles as a means of not only $eparating us from our $ for the procedure, but mind control and deliberate harm. (And of course most doctors don't intentionally harm, but removing a perfectly NORMAL and FUNCTIONING body part from an UNconsenting baby is a human rights violation). Also... Did you know the foreskin acts as a protective barrier to aid in lubrication during sex so the female (and the male, too, actually) is not unnecessarily made uncomfortable by excessive friction and abrasion to her delicate parts during sex? There is an entire industry selling artificial sexual lubricant$ that can also cause allergic reactions etc to both partners. Not to mention they could possibly be toxic and potentially cause health concerns later that may not even be associated with their previous use. There is MUCH, MUCH, MORE TO THIS TOPIC which you will only learn if you actively research it. It won't be spoon fed by media. For those who are interested in the suggestion above that it is ritual mind control, etc., see Jason Christoff's Facebook wall and search his notes or ask him. You may find even more enlightenment awaiting you on his page regarding lots of things, so be prepared to open your eyes wide!

Syed1987 5pts


tinxxx008 5pts

Rather you can keep it clean.. wash everyday with soap as suggested by doctors..

AngelaRobinson2 5pts

No soaps under the foreskin!!! Just rinse. Its a self cleaning organ justlile the vagina.

Begum Ehsan Ali
Begum Ehsan Ali 5pts

The benefits of lifetime outweigh the pain of few minutes.

AlexBaca 5pts

Sorry but theres no benefits. Unless you are the very VERY very few who had a medical reason for it.

Circumcision is the equivallent of chopping a dogs ears off. The parent, just preffers the look, because 'thats the way it is' please dont ever do this to your child unless they want it for themselves!

AngelaRobinson2 5pts

Cutting off any part of the body can prevent infections and diseases. Does not justify it one bit!

JosephLewis 5pts

You can get the same "benefits" without surgery. 70-80% of the men in the world are not circumcised and they do fine.

Begum Ehsan Ali
Begum Ehsan Ali 5pts

It's more safer and easier to have it done while young and research it for yourself the benefits of it compared to not having it done and risk all sorts of infections diseases.

JosephLewis 5pts

As evidenced by world data right?

Medical data documents epidemics of penile "problems" in the 70-80% of the men who are not circumcised.

Actually, they document a huge void, as those men don't suffer the "problems" you talk about here. X-D

Begum Ehsan Ali
Begum Ehsan Ali 5pts

It's necessary. My child was in agony for months because he had difficulty urinating and eventually drs figured out the he screams with pain and suggested circumcisions. Majority of medical professionals choose to have it.After circumcision my boy is normal thank god he sufferd for monthsm

HughIntactive 5pts

What a pity your doctors didn't know more about how such problems can be treated, without surgery or with other surgery. Cutting off the whole foreskin should be a last resort.

JosephLewis 5pts

70-80% of men in the world aren't circumcised.

Somehow, I don't hear a chorus of men screaming in agony... X-D

Barbara Shine Cicero
Barbara Shine Cicero 5pts

I realize it has been a "few" years since I worked in a newborn nursery, however we never anesthesized a baby, not even novacaine, locally....and the big no- no, was "keep the mother away from the windows!"

SpiritImmortal 5pts

Because they knew what they were doing was WRONG and CRIMINAL.

Meressa Lavallee
Meressa Lavallee 5pts

I read on both and scientifically yes, it's cleaner and less Bactria and infections. The skin is just extra and when erected it's still extra. People believe that if you take it away the male cannot have his full erection but this is not true. I read on this because I'm hoping I have a boy and I wanted to compare them to see if my boy will get this done it not. My brothers didn't get it done and as they grew up they had problems and one couldn't go pee because the skin grew tight around the head. It was so painful for him.. My other brother had Bactria build up even when he washed. My older cousin wasn't done but it caused him a lot of trouble as an adult and had to get it removed in his late 20s. My fiancé has this done and he has no troubles or infections and he likes that he is clean. (Does not stop him growing the monster) there's no problems with erection. I asked a few doctors as well and they say the baby is asleep and numbed out and they simply clip the skin and it takes a minute then done. In and out and some parents like to do this as a ceremony. It's really up to the parents. I'm still deciding and hopefully this Thursday at my appointment I would have an answer to tell the doctor of what I want for my baby if it's a boy.

HughIntactive 5pts

They lied to you. He doesn't sleep, he goes into shock. Before they "simply clip the skin" they have to tear it away from the head, and it's full of specialised nerves, so not only is that agonising, but it deprives the man of "a symphony of sensation". Males in the USA very rarely need to be cut but doctors know nothing about all the alternatives. 

JosephLewis 5pts

Meressa, you do know that 70 to 80% of the world's men aren't circumcised, and they don't suffer the problems you talk about here, correct?

How do you clean your vagina? And what do you do when it starts to smell? When you get a yeast infection, do you go in for surgery?

It's kinda the same with boys.

SpiritImmortal 5pts

You are profoundly and dangerously ignorant on this topic. Please go to YouTube and WATCH videos showing what is done and see how the babies react to this human rights violation of removing their body part without their consent. Please get more informed before you harm your own child or encourage someone else to do so. 😖