Ayurveda Skin Care Series: What Is Your Skin Type?

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SPACE (vata) normal-dry skin, dull complexion, small pores and fine lines. AIR (vata) dry skin, matte complexion, burns easily and rough. FIRE (pitta) sensitive, burns easily, soft, early wrinkles and skin irritation. WATER (kapha) oily, burns rarely, large pores and few lines. EARTH (kapha) normal-oily skin, burns after long exposure and medium pores.

According to Ayurveda, there are 3 constitutional Doshas (or types) – Vatta, Pitta and Kapha which are present in varying degrees within each person. Keeping these Doshas in balance is the key to the health and wellness of all the systems in the body, including the skin. You will need to understand the predominant dosha in your body to restore balance in the body.

Ayurveda takes a holistic approach to skin care and recognizes that the skin is not separate from the rest of the body. Ayurveda treats the body as a whole and does not treat any skin disorder or ailment singularly. Radiant skin is only an outer indication of balance and health. Our skin is a reflection of what is going on inside and we can’t expect to have beautiful glowing skin unless our diet and lifestyle are in harmony with our constitution. What goes in our bodies shows on our skin.

Skin In Ayurveda

According to Ayurveda, the skin has the amazing ability to cleanse and rejuvenate itself periodically. Every individual has this ability, however, the skin disorders may differ. You may wonder why? Is it just the lifestyle and environmental factors?

Every person is born with skin that is a unique combination of these five elements, Space (akash), Air (vayu), Fire (Tejas), Water(apu), Earth (prithivi) and this combination is the basic prakriti or constitution of that person’s skin. We can be more dominant in one element than the another at different times, it doesn’t remain static, but you will have a more regular tendency towards one.

For example, most people’s skin attains more Vata (Space and Air) during the winter months, and Space and Earth elements can shift from Air to Water more easily in general. Usually, people have two elements that are more dominant than the rest in general. Each element has a role in the structure and health of the skin.

Effects Of Doshas On Our Skin

  • Space (vata) reflects the vibration of environmental interaction
  • Air(vata) contributes to circulation
  • Fire(pitta) give the skin its glow, luster, metabolism and warmth
  • Water(kapha) is responsible for moisture balance
  • Earth(kapha) forms the basis of skin structure.

You should be able to identify your predominant element and skin condition by reading the list below.

What Is Your Skin Type?


  • Normal to dry skin
  • Occasionally dull complexion that can sunburn occasionally.
  • Thin skin, small pores.
  • Several fine lines

Problems are spot dryness and lack of moisture.


  • Dry skin
  • Matte complexion, burns easily
  • Thin skin, invisible pores, fine lines

Problems are skin flakiness and roughness. 


  • Sensitive skin
  • Red undertones, noticeable capillaries, always burns
  • Delicate, soft skin, prone to inflammation and early wrinkles

Problems are prone to skin irritation like rash, itch and breakouts. 


  • Oily or acne-prone skin
  • Overall shininess, rarely burns
  • Soft skin, some puffiness/water retention, large pores, very few facial lines

Problems are excess oil production, blackhead, whiteheads, acne.


  • Normal to Oily skin
  • Occasionally shiny. Skin can burn after long exposure
  • Smooth, thick skin, medium pores; few wrinkles

Problems are excess oil production in T-zone and blemishes. 

CureJoy Editorial

The CureJoy Editorial team digs up credible information from multiple sources, both academic and experiential, to stitch a holistic health perspective on topics that pique our readers' interest.

CureJoy Editorial

The CureJoy Editorial team digs up credible information from multiple sources, both academic and experiential, to stitch a holistic health perspective on topics that pique our readers' interest.

Post a Comment
ChrissieBond 5pts

The article is misleading. In the FB photo it suggested you would advise on particular skin care regimes/types of products but it doesn't. There was even a photo of different products! So this seems like half an article. Pity because my daughter would benefit from some advice - she definitely fits into the 'fire' element and is always trying to learn how to manage her problematic skin in a holistic way and without chemical based products. I do love most of your articles by the way and find them really helpful. Thank you

Maneka Gill
Maneka Gill 5pts

How do we balance between Air & Fire?

Christy Vogt Durham
Christy Vogt Durham 5pts

Earth is my dominant one and space is my 2nd one cause I have thin skin. Not ever dry though.

Ayurveda 5pts

Pitta: In Ayurvedic medicine, the dosha made up of the elements of fire and water; responsible for metabolic processes, body temperature, digestion, and understanding, and it is associated with a pungent taste. People who have mainly a Pitta constitution often are uncomfortable with hot temperatures, have sharp and penetrating facial features, and a light body frame.

Sukhdvinder Singh
Sukhdvinder Singh 5pts

Plz use English words for pitta, kaffa etc. ..We can't understand these words

Kd Zahir
Kd Zahir 5pts

Air and Space. What to do? Balance Vata?

Andrea Lynn
Andrea Lynn 5pts

This article only explains the skin type. It doesn't explain the guide in how to care for your specific skin type.

Ayurveda 5pts

You can work on it accordingly! :)

Ayurveda 5pts

You can use products better suitable for your skin now! :) Najma Fareed

Ayurveda 5pts

Hope it was helpful! :) Samina Chandio

Darlene Johnson
Darlene Johnson 5pts

Keep my sister Betty Gill in prayer she is declining she don't have much time left so keep our family in prayer