Lyme disease is a serious illness which is transmitted through bites from black-legged ticks that have been infected with the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease vary and usually appear in stages. Here are the signs and symptoms you should look out for!
Early Signs And Symptoms
A small, red bump often appears at the site of a tick bite or tick removal and resolves over a few days. This is normal after a tick bite and does not indicate Lyme disease.
From 3 to 30 days after an infected tick bite, an expanding red area might appear that sometimes clears in the center, forming a bull’s-eye pattern. The rash (erythema migrans) expands slowly over days and can spread to 12 inches (30 centimeters) across. It is typically not itchy or painful.
Fever, chills, fatigue, body aches and a headache may accompany the rash.
Later Signs And Symptoms
If untreated, new signs and symptoms of Lyme infection might appear in the following weeks to months. Bouts of severe joint pain and swelling are especially likely to affect your knees, but the pain can shift from one joint to another.
Weeks, months or even years after infection, you might develop inflammation of the membranes surrounding your brain (meningitis), temporary paralysis of one side of your face (Bell’s palsy), numbness or weakness in your limbs, and impaired muscle movement.