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Are Apples Good For Diabetes?

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Apples contain Low Glycemic Index carbohydrates that are less likely to increase blood glucose levels. 'Quercetin' in apple peels, helps reduce Type-2 diabetes. Apples contain Sorbitol which initiates insulin secretion. Pectin in apple controls blood sugar by releasing it slowly into the bloodstream and slows down the breakdown of starches and sugars.

What Is Diabetes?

When we consume food rich in carbohydrates, the body breaks it down to produce glucose. Insulin is the hormone that helps the body absorb glucose and use it for energy production. In diabetic patients, either the amount of insulin produced is inadequate or the cells are resistant to insulin, leading to problems with absorption of glucose and consequent build-up of glucose in the body [1].

 Type 1 Diabetes

When the body is unable to produce any insulin, the condition is termed as Type 1 diabetes. Children and young adults are susceptible to Type 1 diabetes. Treatment for Type 1 diabetes is done via daily insulin shots.

Type 2 Diabetes

When the insulin produced by the body is insufficient or if the body is unable to use insulin effectively, it is called Type 2 diabetes. Lack of physical activity and obesity are some of the factors resulting in type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is treated via oral medications, a healthy diet and physical activity or through lifestyle changes [2].

[Read: Depression And Diabetes Together Increase Dementia Risk]

Are Apples Good For Diabetes?

For diabetic patients, caution must be exercised at all times with regards to consumption of sugary foods and beverages. Here are some facts about apples and diabetes.

  1. Apples are a rich source of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber helps the body get rid of excess cholesterol and insoluble fiber aids the body in smoother bowel movement.
  2. Apples contain low-glycemic-index carbohydrates – which means they are less likely to increase the body’s blood glucose level [3].
  3. Apples are a rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes. ‘Quercetin’ contained in apple peels, is one component which aids in the reduction of risk in developing Type 2 diabetes [4].
  4. Apples contain Sorbitol which initiates insulin secretion.
  5. Apples are rich in soluble-fiber pectin which is found in the inner portion of the ripe and the pulp. Pectin controls blood sugar by releasing it slowly into the bloodstream [5]. Pectin also slows down enzymes that help break down starches and sugars [6].

An Apple a day keeps the doctor away, and diabetes too!

References

  1. Causes of Diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
  2. What is Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes UK.
  3. Apple Nutrition. University Of Illinois.
  4. Boyer, Jeanelle, and Rui Hai Liu. “Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits.” Nutr J 3.5 (2004): 12.
  5. Dange, N. S., and Kedar Deshpande. “Effect of apple on fasting blood sugar and plasma lipids levels in type II diabetes.” Int J Pharma Bio Sci 4 (2013): 511-517.
  6. Adams, Case. Pectin Slows Enzyme Activity and Absorption, Balancing Blood Sugar. Heal Naturally.

 

Edited By Madhumita 

 

CureJoy Editorial

The CureJoy Editorial team digs up credible information from multiple sources, both academic and experiential, to stitch a holistic health perspective on topics that pique our readers' interest.

CureJoy Editorial

The CureJoy Editorial team digs up credible information from multiple sources, both academic and experiential, to stitch a holistic health perspective on topics that pique our readers' interest.