Did you know that hormones control your weight? They influence your appetite, your cravings, and how much fat you store.
Here are 9 ways to fix them:
Produced by the beta cells of your pancreas, insulin allows your cells to take in blood sugar for energy. It is also the main reason of fat storage in your body. Avoid or minimize your sugar intake to manage your insulin levels.
Leptin is produced by the fat cells in your body. Its role is to communicate with the hypothalamus, the part of brain which regulates appetite and food intake. When your body is resistant to leptin, you crave to eat more, which leads to obesity. Two causes for this are chronically elevated levels of insulin and inflammation in the hypothalamus. Avoid sugary drinks and fatty fish to get rid of leptin resistance. Also, exercise regularly.
Also known as “hunger hormone”, it sends message to the hypothalamus telling you to eat. When the ghrelin level decreases in your body, you don’t know when to eat. Avoid eating protein in every meal to fix your ghrelin levels in the body.
A hormone produced by the adrenal glands, it is also known as a “stress hormone”, which elevates the levels of cortisol in your body. Blame them for stress eating. Don’t cut calories to extreme low levels, and try to sleep more to curb stress and stress eating.
An important female sex hormone, they are produced by the ovaries. Both high and low levels of estrogen can cause weight gain. Eat plenty of fiber and other cruciferous vegetables to bring your estrogen levels to normal.
It is a hormone produced by cells in the brain, and is responsible to stimulate appetite. It is highest during periods of fasting or food deprivation. Eat enough protein, and avoid fasting for too long to lower the levels of NPY in your body.
Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1):
It is a hormone produced in your gut when nutrients enter the intestines, and plays an important role in keeping blood sugar levels stable. It also makes you feel full. Low levels of GLP-1 can make you feel hungry very often. High protein foods like fish, yogurt, and whey protein have been shown to increase the levels of GLP-1 and increase insulin sensitivity.
It’s another satiety hormone produced by the cells in your gut. Eat plenty of protein at every meal, and opt for foods rich in healthy fats.
Peptide YY (PYY):
Yet another gut hormone that controls appetite. This hormone is released by cells in the intestines and colon. Increase the levels of PYY by eating low-carb diet, plenty of protein, and fiber.